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AIDS Attacks
the Body

Attacks the Spirit

One is caused by a virus
One is caused by ignorance


Resources - HIV Facts & Figures
HIV Facts & Figures
- Ethiopia
HIV Facts & Figures |Guideline & Procedure| Publications |HIV & You
     Global | Ethiopia | Amhara
  Ethiopian Response  

Ethiopia is situated in the Horn of Africa where it is bordered by Djibouti, Eritrea, Sudan, Kenya and Somalia. The population of Ethiopia is estimated to be over 73,918,505 persons, of whom 11,956,170 are urban and 61,962,335 are rural(CSA 2007). The majority of the population lives in the highlands of Ethiopia where subsistence farming predominates. Most inhabitants of the lowland areas are pastoralists. Agriculture accounts for 54% of the gross domestic product. In 1998, per capita gross national product was only US$ 100 (PRB 2000).


GDP per capita (US$)                            316.9

Life expectancy (years)                        55

Per capita health expenditure    (US$) (2007)                                         9.18

Pregnant women receiving prenatal    care(%) (2007)                                    27%

Annual growth rate                               2.6%

HIV/AIDS in Ethiopia

.         First HIV infection reported:     1984

.         First AIDS case reported:          1984

.         Predominant HIV-1    subtype:                                        C

.         Main mode of transmission:   Heterosexual

.         Surveillance started:               1989   

.         2006  prevalence estimate:      4.8%

                   Source: MoFED, World Bank & WHO




















11       Regions

1.1       Million Km­­2

80.7      Million Population

83%     Rural


Ethiopia, one of the hardest hit countries with HIV/AIDS in the world, is home to the third largest HIV/AIDS infected population next to India and South Africa. It is estimated that 1.2 million Ethiopians are living with HIV/AIDS including 79,871 children in the year 2010 . The national adult HIV prevalence rate is 2.4% for the same year, estimated  prevalence for the urban and rural is 7.7% and 0.9% respectively.

The first HIV infections in Ethiopia were identified in 1984, and the first AIDS cases reported in 1986. Since 1984, a cumulative total of 107,575 AIDS cases were reported to the Ministry of Health. The prevalence of HIV was low in 1980’ s but increased rapidly in the 1990’s.

The major avenue of transmission of HIV infection in Ethiopia is heterosexual intercourse and the practice of multiple sexual partnerships, particularly in urban areas. Illegal medical practices and harmful traditional practices are also potential routes of transmission. It is believed that 30 to 40 percent of babies born to HIV-positive mothers are likely to contract the virus.

The 2010 HIV prevalence is higher among women (2.9%) than men (1.9%) and is higher in the urban (7.7%) than in the rural population (0.9%). There are an estimate of 137,494 new infections and 28,073 AIDS deaths in the population in 2010. A total of 90,311 HIV positive pregnancies and an estimated 14,276 HIV-positive births occurred. Among children, in 2010, there are estimated  79,871 living HIV, 14,276 new HIV infections and 3,537 AIDS deaths estimated . A total of 5.4 million children under 17 in the country are estimated to be orphans in the year 2010 for different reasons, of which 804,184 were due to AIDS.



National HIV Prevalence Estimates 2010

National         2.4%

Urban          7.7%

Rural            0.9%

Death           28,073

HIV Positive Pregnant Women 90,311

Annual HIV positive births 14,276

New HIV infections 137,494

1.2 million Ethiopians estimated to be  living with HIV/AIDS as of 2010

                                                               Source: Aids in Ethiopia Single Point Estmiate


ANRS HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control Coordination Office
P.O. Box 449
Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
Tel (058) 2205915
Fax (058) 2206827