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AIDS in Ethiopia 6th Report in English


AIDS in Ethiopia 6th Report in Amharic


Single Point HIV Prevalence Estimate

Two HIV prevalence rates had been determined following national exercises conducted in Ethiopia. One of these used the population-based method and the other used sentinel surveillance based on ANC (ante-natal care) for pregnant women. The two exercises produced HIV prevalence estimate results in 2006 consisting of 1.4% for E-DHS and 3.5% for ANC. Over the past year, intensive discussions among the implementing entities and the national authorities in Ethiopia adopted both exercises as valid in the unique context of each exercise’s methodological aims, assumptions and limitations. The Federal HIV/AIDS Control Office (FHAPCO) initiated a Task Force to attempt to reconcile these two estimates with a view of establishing one single estimate, hence the development of this Single Point HIV Prevalence Estimate. (700 KB PDF format )

AIDS In Ethiopia 6th Report

The current AIDS in Ethiopia report is the 6th in the "AIDS in Ethiopia" series. The present edition reports the 2005 antenatal based site-level surveillance findings and estimates the HIV and AIDS status in the country.

Based on reports taken from VCT centers, blood banks, and ART programs, the cumulative number of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) is about 1.32 million (45% male and 55% female). This results in a prevalence rate of 3.5% (3% among males and 4% among females; 10.5% urban and 1.9% rural areas) for the total estimated population of 73 million.

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Technical Document for the AIDS in Ethiopia 6th Report

HIV was first detected in Ethiopia in stored sera collected in 1984 and the first two AIDS cases were reported in 1986. HIV/AIDS surveillance activities began in 1989 after the establishment of a national HIV/AIDS taskforce with in MoH in 1987.

The HIV/AIDS surveillance system has been an essential component of the HIV/AIDS response in Ethiopia soon after the report of the first two AIDS cases in 1986. The national sentinel surveillance report has been published every two years since 1996 and have been invaluable to policy makers, program designers, planners and implementers in different organizations and at all levels. The fifth AIDS in Ethiopia report has been of paramount importance in providing basis for the restructuring of the different institutional arrangements, scale up of services like VCT, ART, and PMTCT, etc.

Technical Document
for the AIDS in Ethiopia 6th Report



AIDS in Ethiopia 6th Report Poster (227 KB PDF format )



AIDS in Ethiopia 6th Report Factsheet (416 KB PDF format ) contains some key indicators and graphs.



AIDS In Ethiopia 5th Report Publications

Click here to see AIDS in Ethiopia 5th Report Publications


Note: All publications are in PDF format thus require Adobe Acrobat Reader.


Source : The figures presented here are all derived from estimations and projections produced by the Federal Ministry of Health of Ethiopia during the preparation of the AIDS in Ethiopia: 6th Report with the technical and financial support of the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) through CDC-Ethiopia. This online database is developed by AIDS Resource Center of Ethiopia. See Source of Information and Indicator Definition for more information.

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