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Voluntary, Counseling and Testing (VCT) Resources

VCT, or voluntary counseling and testing, refers to the process of giving people professional counseling before and after the HIV test. The process helps people prepare for and understand their test results. Those who test negative can learn ways to avoid becoming infected, and those who are positive can learn how to live longer, healthier lives and prevent transmission to others. In this way, VCT offers an important entry point to early prevention, care, and support.

The materials on this page are intended for a variety of audiences, especially those who are involved in the set-up and provision of VCT services. However, those who want to know more about VCT will also find helpful information here.

Basic VCT Information
BCC/IEC Materials
Case Studies
Counseling Information
Guidelines
Scientific Study Results, Conference Proceedings, & Commentary
Program Management Tools
Brochures and posters the ARC has recently produced to promote VCT
VCT Centers in Oromia


Basic VCT Information

Introduction to Counseling and Voluntary Counseling and Testing [best practice summary]
Published by: UNAIDS
Basic outline of counseling and main VCT principles, followed by best practices from international experiences.
http://www.unaids.org/bestpractice/collection/subject/health/cvc.html

Testing and Counseling [fact sheet]
Published by: World Health Organization
WHO’s basic overview to HIV/AIDS testing and counseling, including a definition, rationale, procedures, human resource and infrastructure demands, and costing information.
http://www.who.int/hiv/topics/vct/testing/en/

Voluntary Counseling and Testing [report]
Published by: UNAIDS
This technical update is a fairly thorough examination of most of the issues, challenges and solutions related to VCT.
Click here to download (pdf format )

Voluntary Counseling and Testing for HIV [fact sheet]
Published by: Family Health International (FHI)
Presents rationale for VCT and lessons learned from multi-country implementation of VCT services.
http://www.fhi.org/en/aids/impact/briefs/vctgeneral.html

The Impact of Voluntary Counseling and Testing: A Global Review of the Benefits and Challenges [report]
Published by: UNAIDS
This fairly technical review of VCT by UNAIDS addresses strategies and applications for specific population sub-groups, as well as potential events at each stage of the VCT process. Incorporates a fairly extensive scientific literature review on VCT efficacy and outcomes.
Click here to download (pdf format )

BCC/IEC Materials

Get the Advantage of Knowing (Efoy!) - Women [poster]
Get the Advantage of Knowing (Efoy!) - Men [poster]
Produced by: AIDS Resource Center, Ethiopia
This poster series encourages young Ethiopian men and women ages 18-35 to get tested for HIV. The women’s poster says, “Ye HIV/AIDS mirmera madrege lenneam lelejem tekemegn.” (I, and any children I might have, have benefited from my being tested for HIV/AIDS. Phew!) The men’s poster says, “Ye HIV/AIDS mirmera madrege tekemegn.” (I’ve benefited from being tested for HIV/AIDS. Phew!) Amharic language. (courtesy of the AIDS Resource Center)

Case Studies

HIV Voluntary Counseling and Testing: a Gateway to Prevention and Care [case studies]
Published by: UNAIDS
Presents five case studies relating VCT to prevention of mother-to-child transmission, tuberculosis treatment entry points, youth, and general populations.
Click here to download (pdf format )

Knowledge is Power: Voluntary Counseling and Testing in Uganda [report]
Published by: UNAIDS
Profiles the AIDS Information Center, an organization providing counseling and testing in Uganda.
Click here to download (pdf format )

Voluntary Counseling and Testing (VCT) and Young People: A Summary Overview [report]
Published by: Family Health International (FHI)
This extensive report presents case studies and recommendations for providing adolescent-friendly VCT services.
Click here to download (pdf format )

Counseling Information

A Guide to HIV/AIDS Pastoral Counseling [handbook]
Published by: World Council of Churches
People living and dying with AIDS have spiritual and emotional as well as medical needs. They are looking for pastoral counseling, consolation and acceptance. In some places, pastors and churches are the nearest or only resources available in times of crisis and need. This handbook for pastors and spiritual caregivers is intended for international use; it is not available online but can be ordered from this website.
http://www.wcc-coe.org/wcc/what/mission/guide.html

Guidelines

Opening Up the HIV/AIDS Epidemic: Guidance On Encouraging Beneficial Disclosure, Ethical Partner Counseling, and Appropriate Use of HIV Case Reporting [guidelines]
Published by: UNAIDS
This joint report from WHO and UNAIDS provides recommendations to VCT planners and counselors about how to encourage people to disclose their HIV serostatus to their sexual partner(s) and issues of confidentiality and appropriateness in regional and national case reporting systems.
http://www.unaids.org/publications/documents/hivnotification/files/Opening_up.doc

Revised Guidelines for HIV Counseling, Testing, and Referral [guidelines]
Published by: CDC (2001)
This publication from the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report summarizes the recommendations of a technical expert panel for public- and private-sector policy makers and service providers of HIV counseling, testing, and referral. The recommendations are based on evidence from all available scientific sources; where evidence is lacking, opinion of "best practices" by specialists in the field has been used.
http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/rr5019a1.htm

Revised Recommendations for HIV Screening of Pregnant Women [guidelines]
Published by: CDC (2001)
Since 1998, the US government has recommended HIV testing for all pregnant women receiving antenatal care, given effective interventions to prevent mother-to-child transmission and to treat HIV-infected women. These guidelines arose as the result of meetings concerning prevention of prenatal HIV and care of HIV-infected women, and are consistent with the Revised Guidelines above.
http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/rr5019a2.htm

Scientific Study Results, Conference Proceedings, & Commentary

HIV & Partner Violence: Implications for HIV Voluntary Counseling and Testing [study report]
Published by: HORIZONS/Population Council
A study exploring the links between HIV infection, serostatus disclosure, and partner violence among women attending the Muhimbili Health Information Center (MHIC), a VCT clinic in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
http://www.popcouncil.org/horizons/ressum/vct_violence.html

Personalized HIV Counseling And Testing Show Promise In Reducing Risk Behaviors [article]
Published by: International Family Planning Perspectives
This article describes how personalized HIV counseling and testing can improve the likelihood of positive behavior change to prevent HIV infection and reduce spread.
http://www.guttmacher.org/pubs/journals/2704901.html

Voluntary Counseling and Testing: Will It Attract Youth? [study report]
Published by: HORIZONS/Population Council
A Population Council study in Kenya and Uganda indicates that youth would like access to HIV testing and counseling services if the services are confidential, honest, and inexpensive.
http://www.popcouncil.org/horizons/ressum/vct_youth.html

WHO/UNAIDS Technical Consultation on Voluntary HIV Counseling and Testing: Models for Implementation and Strategies for Scaling of VCT Services [meeting proceedings]
Published by: UNAIDS
This meeting in Harare, Zimbabwe, led to the development of guidelines for applicability of different VCT models and approaches for different target groups.
http://www.unaids.org/publications/documents/health/counselling/VCT-Report-Harare.doc

Program Management Tools

Assessment of VCT Services [tool]
Published by: UNAIDS
This tool assesses the availability and quality of VCT services. It has been used in several countries, although future revisions are likely, as the VCT programs mature.
http://www.cpc.unc.edu/measure/guide/tools/unaidsvct/unaidsvct.pdf (pdf format )

Costing Guidelines for HIV Prevention Strategies [tool]
Published by: UNAIDS
Instructions for conducting costing exercises for HIV prevention interventions, including VCT. Useful for program planners and health economists.
Click here to download (pdf format )

Models of HIV Voluntary Counseling and Testing Service Delivery [fact sheet]
Published by: Family Health International (FHI)
Contains overviews of the models that have been employed for VCT services (including stand-alone sites, integrated sites within existing health facilities, NGO-based sites, private sector sites, mobile/outreach services, and a combination of these services), evaluating strengths and constraints of each.
http://www.fhi.org/en/aids/impact/briefs/vctmodels.html

Counseling and voluntary HIV testing for pregnant women in high HIV prevalence countries: Elements and issues [report]
Published by: UNAIDS
This report covers rationale for prevention of maternal-to-child transmission, considerations in counseling and risk reduction for pregnant women, and operational and cost considerations for HIV testing in pregnant women.
Click here to download (pdf format )

Brochures and posters the ARC has recently produced to promote VCT

Click here to see the side A of the brochure (for men)
Click here to see the side B of the brochure (for men)
Click here to see the side A of the brochure (for women)
Click here to see the side B of the brochure (for women)

VCT Centers in Oromia

 

Name of Health Institution

Region

Zone

Wereda

1

Abomsa  Health Center

Oromia

Arsi

Merti

2

Adaba Health Center

Oromia

Bale

Adaba

3

Adama Health Center

Oromia

East Shewa

Adama

4

Adamma Zonal Hospital

Oromia

East Shewa

Adama

5

Addis Hiwot Health Center

Oromia

Arsi

Jeju

6

Agaro Health Center

Oromia

Jimma

Goma

7

Air Force Hospital

Oromia

East Shewa

Ada'a Chukala

8

Aira Guliso District Hospital

Oromia

West Wellega

Ayra Guliso

9

Ambo Zonal Hospital

Oromia

West Shewa

Ambo

10

Arjo Health Center

Oromia

East Wellega

Jimma Arjo

11

Asebot H/C

Oromia

West Harerge

Mieso

12

Asela Zonal Hospital

Oromia

Arsi

Tiyo

13

Asella Health Center

Oromia

Arsi

Tiyo

14

Awash Melkasa H/C

Oromia

East Shewa

Adama

15

Ayira Gu. Health Center

Oromia

West Wellega

Ayra Guliso

16

Ayira-Gulliso Hospital

Oromia

West Wellega

Ayra Guliso

17

Bedesa Health Center

Oromia

West Harerge

Kuni

18

Bedno H/C

Oromia

East Harerge

Bedeno

19

Bekoji Health Center

Oromia

Arsi

Bekoji

20

Bethzata - Nazareth

Oromia

East Shewa

Adama

21

Bishoftu District Hospital

Oromia

East Shewa

Ada'a Chukala

22

Bishooftu Health Center

Oromia

East Shewa

Ada'a Chukala

23

Bisidimmo Zonal Hospital

Oromia

East Harerge

Kurfa Chele

24

Bore Health Center

Oromia

Guji

Bore

25

Chancho Health Center

Oromia

North Shewa (R4)

Mulona Sululta

26

Chiroo Zonal Hospital

Oromia

West Haraerge

Chiro

27

Chora Health Center

Oromia

Illubabor

Chora

28

D/Dollo Health Center

Oromia

West Wellega

Sayo

29

Dalo Health Center

Oromia

Bale

Mennana Arena Buluk

30

Dambidolo District Hospital

Oromia

West Wellega

Sayo

31

Darimu Health Center

Oromia

Illubabor

Darimu

32

Deder District Hospital 

Oromia

East Harerge

Deder

33

Dera Health Center

Oromia

Arsi

Dodotana Sire

34

Dodola Health Center

Oromia

Bale

Dodola

35

Ejera H/C

Oromia

North Shewa (R4)

Hidabu Abote

36

Enchini Health Center

Oromia

West Shewa

Adda Berga

37

Fentale H/C

Oromia

East Shewa

Fentale

38

FGAE Adama model Clinic

Oromia

East Shewa

Adama

39

FGAE Adama Youth Center

Oromia

East Shewa

Adama

40

FGAE Dembi Dollo Youth Center

Oromia

West Wellega

Sayo

41

FGAE Jimma Model Clinic

Oromia

Jimma

Goma

42

FGAE Jimma Youth Center

Oromia

Jimma

Goma

43

FGAE Nekemte Youth Center

Oromia

East Wellega

Guto Wayu

44

FGAE SRC Asella

Oromia

Arsi

Tiyo

45

FGAE Woliso Youth Center

Oromia

South West Shewa

Walisona Goro

46

FGAE Zewaye Youth Center

Oromia

East Shewa

Adami Tulu  Jido Kombolcha

47

Fiche H/C

Oromia

North Shewa (R4)

Gerar Jarso

48

Fichee Zonal Hospital

Oromia

North Shewa (R4)

Gerar Jarso

49

Gambo District Hospital 

Oromia

Arsi

Munessa

50

Gebregurach Health Center

Oromia

North Shewa (R4)

Kuyu

51

Gelemso Health Center

Oromia

West Haraerge

Habro

52

Gelemso Zonal Hospital 

Oromia

West Haraerge

Habro

53

Gida Ayana Health Center

Oromia

East Wellega

Gida Kiremu

54

Gimbi District Hospital

Oromia

West Wellega

Gimbi

55

Gimbi Health Center

Oromia

West Wellega

Gimbi

56

Gimbi-Adventist Hospital

Oromia

West Wellega

Gimbi

57

Ginchi Health Center

Oromia

West Shewa

Dendi

58

Gindeberet Hospital 

Oromia

West Shewa

Ginde Beret

59

Ginnir Zonal Hospital 

Oromia

Bale

Ginir

60

Girawa H/C

Oromia

East Harerge

Girawa

61

Goba Zonal Hospital 

Oromia

Bale

Goba

62

Gursum Health Center

Oromia

East Harerge

Gursum

63

Gutin Health Center

Oromia

East Wellega

Gida Kiremu

64

H/Mariam Zonal Hospital 

Oromia

Borena

Hagere Mariam

65

Haromay Health Center

Oromia

East Harerge

Haro Maya

66

Hirna Health Center

Oromia

West Haraerge

Tulo

67

Jarso H/C

Oromia

East Harerge

Jarso

68

Jimma  Hospital

Oromia

Jimma

Kersa

69

Jimma Health Center

Oromia

Jimma

Goma

70

Keto Health Center

Oromia

West Wellega

Gawo Dale

71

Kofele Health Center

Oromia

Arsi

Kofele

72

Kokosa Health Center

Oromia

Bale

Kokosa

73

Kombolcha H/C

Oromia

East Harerge

Kombolcha

74

Kurfa H/C

Oromia

East Harerge

Kurfa Chele

75

Leman H/C

Oromia

South West Shewa

Kersana Kondaltiti

76

Limmu Genet Hospital

Oromia

Jimma

Limu Kosa

77

Marti  Hospital

Oromia

East Shewa

Fentale

78

Mega Health Center

Oromia

Borena

Dire

79

Mettu Zonal Hospital

Oromia

Illubabor

Metu

80

Michata Health Center

Oromia

West Haraerge

Darolebu

81

Mojo Health Center

Oromia

East Shewa

Lome

82

Moyale Health Center

Oromia

Borena

Moyale

83

Nagalle Zonal Hospital 

Oromia

Guji

Liben

84

Nejo Health Center 

Oromia

West Wellega

Nejo

85

Nekamte Zonal Hospital

Oromia

East Wellega

Guto Wayu

86

Nekemte Health Center

Oromia

East Wellega

Guto Wayu

87

OSSA Nazreth

Oromia

East Shewa

Adama

88

Robe  Health Center

Oromia

Bale

Sinanana Dinsho

89

Robe Health Center

Oromia

Arsi

Robe

90

Sebeta Health Center

Oromia

South West Shewa

Alem Gena

91

Shabe Health Center

Oromia

Jimma

Seka Chekorsa

92

Shambu District Hospital 

Oromia

East Wellega

Jimma Horo

93

Shashamane Health Center

Oromia

East Shewa

Shashemene

94

Shashemane Zonal Hospital 

Oromia

East Shewa

Shashemene

95

Shenene H/C

Oromia

Illubabor

Nono

96

Sheno Gebre H/C?Kumdingay

Oromia

North Shewa (R4)

Kembibit

97

Sibu Sire Health Center

Oromia

East Wellega

Sibu Sire

98

Sokoru Health Center

Oromia

Jimma

Sekoru

99

St. Luke Hospital (Woliso )

Oromia

South West Shewa

Walisona Goro

100

Teltele Health Center

Oromia

Borena

Teltele

101

Tulu Bolo H/C

Oromia

South West Shewa

Becho

102

Upper Awash Mobile VCT W. Vision

Oromia

East Shewa

Boset

103

Uraga Health Center

Oromia

Guji

Uraga

104

Walanchitti Health Center

Oromia

East Shewa

Boset

105

Woliso H/C

Oromia

South West Shewa

Walisona Goro

106

Wonji Hospital

Oromia

East Shewa

Adama

107

Yabello Health Center

Oromia

Borena

Yabelo

108

Zaway Health Center

Oromia

East Shewa

Adami Tulu  Jido Kombolcha