The following glossary lists key definitions for HIV, AIDS, reproductive health, medical conditions and pharmaceuticals (medications or drugs) related to HIV and AIDS.There are 420 entries in this glossary.
A gene of HIV that codes for the core protein p55 which is a precursor of HIV proteins p17, p24, p7, and p6. These form HIV’s capsid, the inner protein shell surrounding HIV’s RNA. Insatiable.
A T cell-derived stimulating substance that suppresses virus reproduction, stimulates other T cells, and activates macrophage cells.
One of the proteins in blood serum that contains antibodies. Passive immunizing agents obtained from pooled human plasma.
Infection or inflammation of the stomach.
Relating to the GI tract: esophagus, stomach, small intestines, colon, and rectum.
See sexual and gender-based violence.
The technique by which genetic material from one organism is inserted into a foreign cell in order to mass-produce the protein encoded by the inserted genes
Material that holds information about how a living thing is built, looks, and reproduces. The information is called DNA or RNA.
An STI caused by the herpes virus. It can cause painful genital ulcers in men and women. There is no cure for genital herpes.
An STI that affects women. It can cause premature delivery in pregnant women if left untreated.
Crater-like lesions on the skin or mucous membranes of the genital area. They are usually caused by STIs, such as herpes, syphilis, and chancroid.
A raised growth of skin around the genital area, usually caused by infection with HPV (human papillomavirus).
The complete set of genes in the chromosomes of each cell of the particular organism.
In HIV, a type of resistance test that looks for specific resistnace mutations known to cause resistnace to antiretroviral drugs.
A stomach illness caused by the Giardiasis parasite.