The following glossary lists key definitions for HIV, AIDS, reproductive health, medical conditions and pharmaceuticals (medications or drugs) related to HIV and AIDS.There are 420 entries in this glossary.
See CD4 cell.
|T Lymphocyte Proliferation Assay (LPA)||
A laboratory test that measures how well a person's immune system is functioning. It can be used to measure improvements following antiretroviral therapy and to detect the presence of antibodies against specific opportunistic infections.
A term meaning that pills should be taken three times a day.
See traditional birth attendant.
|Therapeutic HIV Vaccine||
A vaccine designed to boost the immune response to HIV in a person already infected with the virus. Also called an 'immunotherapeutic vaccine'.
See candida albicans.
Usually referred to how to apply a medication; directly to the skin or mucous membranes (such as the mouth, anus, or vagina).
|Total Parenteral Nutrition (TPN)||
Nutrition, or food, given intravenously (through a needle attached to a bag containing a liquid with all the nutrients necessary to keep a person alive). It can be given to hospitalized AIDS patients who can longer get their nutrition through eating.
An adverse side effect of a medication or drug that is harmful to a person's health. The level of toxicity can range from annoying to life threatening.
An infection of the brain caused by a parasite found in the feces of domestic animals such as cows, cats and dogs. A person can be infected without knowing it. It is a risk for HIV-positive individuals with very low CD4 counts, and requires an indefinite course of medication to prevent it from reoccurring. Symptoms include fever, headache, confusion, seizures and, if untreated, coma.
|Traditional Birth Attendant (TBA)||
A midwife or other health care worker skilled or experienced in delivering babies.
A medical knowledge system used and practiced for centuries before modern, Western medicine. It involves using plant, animal and mineral-based medicines, spiritual therapies and manual techniques and exercises. Many PLWHIV who do not have access to ART seek help from traditional practitioners or healers.
The level of a patient's understanding of the functions and limitations of antiretroviral medication and treatment.
Trying out period when new treatments and new combinations of medication are tested.